Pruning made easy.
There is a multitude of highly technical and complicated advice on the web about pruning. This is my guide to pruning for beginners.
A few basic pruning rules.
1. There are very few plants that will die from being pruned at the wrong time of year.
2. Prune when a plant has finished flowering, not before.
For instance, if you prune Forsythia in the autumn, it won`t flower properly in late winter / early spring.
3. Prune back to a `node` that is a branch, leaf or bud, to prevent leaving a stub which will die back and cause disease.
4. If you need a saw (and definately if it`s a chainsaw!) it`s not pruning, it`s butchery.
Good maintenance. In a shrub border, plants are growing at different rates and it is important to not have one dominant species. In general prune so that there is `space` around each shrub.